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ISSN 2309-5911

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An ECTN Association Publication since 2000 - October 2013, Vol. 14, N. 04

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  • Foreword
  • Association and Network: ECTN Association; EC2E2N (2014 Plenary Meeting 2014; Network Business; Network website and NewsLetter); EC2E2N Working Group Activities (WP01: Towards Excellence in School and University Teaching; WP04: Impact of Chemistry in Everyday Life).
  • Virtual Education Community: Database Updates and Releases; Test Centers Activities; EChemTest at the University of Milano (Italy); Learning Object Repository.
  • Mobility: The Mobility of Students and Teachers in the ERASMUS MUNDUS Master on “Theoretical Chemistry and Computational Modelling”; Mobility Utility, Problems, and Added Value in the Context of the SERP-CHEM ERASMUS  MUNDUS Master Course; LIFE-RICICLOLIO: A Synergy between Public and Private for the Environment and for a Positive Image of Chemistry; Chemistry Teaching in Europe: the “Chemistry is all around Network” Project.
  • Green Chemistry: Basic Chemistry Information as a Fundamental Key to Promote Sustainale Behaviour Patterns; ACS Summer School on Green Chemistry and Sustainable Energy.
  • News from: Africa (Some Selected 1000 Papers from 15 Last Internationa Conferences); Asia (iSER Conference 2014); Europe (5th EuroVariety; European Employment Survey; DidSci 2014); USA (Book Review: A Tale of Seven Elements by Eric Scerri).
  • Conference's Agenda



Dear EC2E2N2 Newsletters readers,

The EC2E2N-2 "Chemistry and Engineering Skills for Europe in 2020" project has started and activity of the Work packages is under way. In this issue emphasis is given to the student’s mobility. The WP06 “Broadening Student Horizons”, following the first discussion had in Utrecht during the EC2E2-2 Annual Plenary Meting, is working on different issues focusing on the improvement of the mobility of students, both for study and work placements, and teachers. Among the different aspects under discussion, the valorisation of mobility and the availability at the host institution of traineeships, both within and beyond Europe, are considered. In view of the above, the experience gained during different Erasmus projects in Chemistry are here addressed.

Prof. Otilia Mo from the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain reports on the mobility of students and teachers in the Erasmus Mundus Master on “Theoretical Chemistry and Computational Modelling”. The student mobility utility and related problems are highlighted in the report by Prof. Sandrine Lacombe of the Université Paris Sud, France, coordinator of the SERP-Chem Erasmus Mundus Master programme.

There are several other contributions and news from our members and partners. 

Prof. Maria Carnasciali of Genoa University, Italy, in a short note informs us on the aims and the achieved results of the three year project “Chemistry is All Around Network” ( funded in the framework of the LLP –Comenius programme. The promotion of the Chemistry image under a renewed and positive attitude gave a boost to start a valuable project “Life-Riciclolio: a synergy between public and private for the environment and for a positive image of Chemistry” (, and Prof. Anna Maria Cardinale, from Genoa University, Italy prepared a short report on the aims and the activities of the programme.

We wish to thank all people for their efforts and contributions. Enjoy reading!

Gabriella BorzoneGuest Editor
University of Genoa, Italy 

Association and Network

ECTN Association

flag_eu-fr_france.gif Anthony Smith, CPE Lyon, France (EU) - ECTN Association Secretary - 

The ECTN Association Administrative Council met on 27-28 September 2014 in Idstein, Germany. A major part of this meeting was devoted to discussing the future of the Association. After September 2015, when the current EC2E2N 2 project ends, the Association needs to ensure that it has a sustainable future.

It was agreed to set up a number of task forces to consider various topics that were identified as being the most important. The topics are: (a) the Association statutes (revising the mission statement of the Association, the composition of the Administrative Council, elections, the role of the General Assembly); (b) the general assembly and meetings of the Administrative Council; (c) new projects and exploitation of EC2E2N products; (d) Label Committee activities; (e) Virtual Education Community Committee activities; (f) Intensive Schools; (g) website and newsletter; and (h) expansion of the Association.

If any member wishes to provide input to any of these task groups, or would like further information, they are invited to contact the President or any member of the Administrative Council. It is planned to present the outcomes of these task forces at the next General Assembly (to be held in Madrid on 25 or 26 April 2014).

The next meeting of the Administrative Council will take place in Madrid on 7-8 February 2014. If any member has any items they would like discussed at this meeting please would they contact Tony Smith.


EC2E2N Network

flag_eu-fr_france.gif Anthony Smith, CPE Lyon, France (EU) - Network Coordinator - Contact: 


2014 Plenary meeting


The 2014 EC2E2N Plenary meeting will be held at the Autonoma University of Madrid campus in Madrid, Spain. The dates are confirmed as 24-27 April 2014. The meeting will start on Friday 25 April at 9h00, so participants are expected to arrive on Thursday 24 April. It is expected that there will be a reception on Thursday evening. There will also be Label Committee, VEC committee, Intensive Schools and student contests committee and ECTN Association Administrative Council meetings on Thursday afternoon.

The meeting will end at the end of the afternoon on Saturday so that most people will leave on Sunday 27 April.

Hotel accommodation will be booked by the local organisers. Registration for the meeting will be via the meeting website. This is in the process of being created. All partners will be informed as soon as this web site is published.

Network Business


The project contract has been amended to allow the participation of two new partners. These are MJF Services (Marie-Jeanne Feucht) and the University of Jaume, Spain.

We will shortly be sending out time sheets to all partners. These sheets must be completed to show the number of days each person has spent on the project during the first year of the contract.

At the management committee meeting of the project held in Idstein, Germany on 28 September 2013, work package leaders presented the work carried out by their working groups and their plans for the future. Please look at the web pages for each work package for more information.

We hope to organise, through our international partner Cindy Larive (University of California Riverside), a half-day seminar at the ACS National meeting to be held in San Francisco on 10-14 August 2014. The symposium will focus on best practices in chemistry education, with an international focus. Any network member who is planning to attend the ACS meeting is invited to consider submitting an abstract for this symposium. The network can only fund two European participants, but other participants who can finance themselves through research or other funds, are very  welcome to participate. Please contact Tony Smith as soon as possible if you expect to attend this meeting.

The next management committee meeting of the network will take place on 8th February 2014 in Madrid. All project partners are invited to send any items they would like discussed at this meeting to Tony Smith. 

Network website and NewsLetter

flag_eu-fr_france.gif by Pascal Mimero, CPE Lyon FR (E.U.) - EC2E2N Communication Manager and Editorial Board Chair - Contact: 


According to the decision made to reformate the websites, the new Network website is at the bench and will soon be published. By this time, the NewsLetter received an ISSN number (ISSN 2309-5911) and is now already having its own web section, fully accessible with the following, or


EC2E2N Working Group Activities

Work Package 01: Towards Excellence in School and University Teaching  

flag_eu-pl_poland.gif by Iwona Maciejowska, Krakow PL (E.U.) - Group Leader - Contact:

Group Meeting Antwerp 24/25 Oct 2013


During our  meeting in Antwerp,  WP1 members worked in subgroups dealing with two main topics: secondary school chemistry teachers education and database of expertise in chemistry teaching methods at tertiary level of education. First subgroup disscussed general structure and content of nine chapters of a guidebook for teachers educators . Each chapter will consists of:

  • Reasons - Why is that particular topic important  in pre-service teacher (PST) education?
  • Theorethical framework (literature review)
  • Good practice example(s) – example of a practical approach to introduce key aspects  of that topic to PSTs
  • Recommendations/implementations for teacher education/conclusions
  • References, recommended bibliography
  • Questions which could be used in evaluation of PSTs work
Read / Download the FUll WP01 Report (PDF / 170 Kb)
Work Package 01: Towards Excellence in School and University Teaching

Work Package 04: Impact of Chemistry in Everyday Life

flag_eu-it_italia.gif by Antonio Michele Floriano, Palermo IT (E.U.) - Group Leader - Contact:


The activities of the Working Group are aimed at producing Case Studies demonstrating the power of Chemistry in Everyday Life applications. They will be published in the EC2E2N 2 web site and, possibly, in print or other media.

The case studies should be:

  • 4-6 pages long (including text and illustration);
  • Dealing with one of the following areas: Energy, Food, Health, Innovative Materials, Water;
  • Specific in demonstrating the power of chemistry (for example, not just “plastics” but one particular kind of polymer  in a specific application);
  • Not necessarily dealing with “vital” aspects as long as interesting and attractive;
  • Dealing either with natural phenomena or manmade products;
  • Suitable for a general audience;

Contributions to our work developed according to the above features are welcome. Please, send ideas, short abstracts or full papers to the group leader at the address to Antonio Floriano, Group Leader. 

Virtual Education Community


flag_eu-fr_france.gif Pascal Mimero, CPE Lyon, France (EU) - VEC SC Vice Chair - Contact:

Databases updates and releases: 

  • Organic Chemistry 3 : German version revised, released in September

Test Centers Activities since June 2013 and over the third Quarter:

  • flag_eu-at_austria.gif TCA Vienna : 14 sessions in German (Organic Chemistry)
  • flag_eu-fr_france.gif TCA Lyon : 3 Sessions in French (General Chemistry 2, Analytical and Organic Chemistry 3)
  • flag_eu-fi_finland.gif TCA Helsinki 1 session in English, Finnish and Swedish (General Chemistry 1)   
  • flag_eu-hu_hungary.gif TCA Budapest : 3 sessions in English (all Level 3 Tests)
  • flag_eu-it_italia.gif TCA Perugia : 2 sessions in English (Analytical, Inorganic, Organic, Physical Chemistry); 3 sessions in Italian (General Chemistry 1) 
  • flag_eu-nl_netherland.gif TCA Amsterdam : 3 sessions in English (General Chemistry 2)

You can join each test center administration using the standardized email "", replacing "city" by the name of one of the cities hosting a test center: Amsterdam, Budapest, Helsinki, Krakow, Ljubljana, Lyon, Madrid, Perugia, Thessaloniki, Vienna (visit us at 

EChemTest at the University of Milano (Italy)

flag_eu-it_italia.gif by Antonio Lagana, Perugia IT,, Carlo Manuali, Perugia IT,, and Michele Ceotto, Milano IT,


Recently, the Department of Chemistry of the “Università degli Studi di Milano”, decided to undertake an independent evaluation (besides the internal ones) of the chemistry knowledge of the applicants to its Master degrees in Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry. To this end, some self-assessment sessions were run using EChemTest ( sets of questions full randomly selected out of the ECTNA level 3 libraries in Analytical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, and Physical Chemistry which are specifically designed for evaluation at completion of Bachelor studies (...)

Access the announcement online.

Read / Download the University of MIlano Letter (PDF / 941 Kb)
Letter of the University of Milano (Italy)
Read / Download the Article (PDF / 446 Kb)
EChemTest at the University of Milano (Italy)

Learning Object Repository

flag_eu-it_italia.gif proposed by Antonio Lagana, Perugia IT (E.U.), 
     Authors: Sergio Tasso, Perugia IT, and Marina Rui, Genova IT 

On July 16, 2013 the GLOREP Training event on Learning Objects (LO)s organized by the Virtual Education Community (VEC) Standing Committee (SC) of ECTNA, took place in Perugia. The event was meant to offer, to the interested people from ECTNA, an opportunity for being trained to learn, use and install GLOREP the federation of distributed repositories of LOs. The most important features of GLOREP are (...)

Read / Download the Full Report (PDF / 236 Kb)


flag_eu-it_italia.gif Proposed by Gabriella Borzone, Genova IT (E.U.) - Contact: 

The Mobility of Students and Teachers in the ERASMUS MUNDUS Master on “Theoretical Chemistry and Computational Modelling”

flag_eu-es_spain.gif by Otilia Mo, Madrid ES (E.U.)

A group of 47 European Universities  (25 at present) of 8 different countries launch this master ten years ago. From the very beginning it was structured as a 120 ECTS master (two academic years). This master was awarded with the ECTNA label in 2007 (already renewed in 2012) and was approved as Erasmus Mundus master in 2009. The first academic year (M1) is mainly local, so the student receives the teaching at the University in which he/she is registered. This local teaching is organized in such a way as to ensure that, at the end of this first year, all the students reach a common level on quantum and statistical mechanics, mathematics, group theory, and methods of the theoretical chemistry. To enhance the desirable teaching integration along M1 a couple of tutorials or schools of one week in specific subjects are organized every year in collaboration with the different centres of CECAM, mainly the one in Zaragoza (Spain) and Toulouse (France). The students, registered in the different universities of the consortium, are encouraged to (...)

Read / Download Otilia Mo's Full Article (PDF / 100 Kb)
The Mobility of Students and Teachers in the ERASMUS MUNDUS Master on “Theoretical Chemistry and Computational Modelling” file download description here

Mobility Utility, Problems, and Added Value in the Context of the SERP-CHEM ERASMUS  MUNDUS Master Course

flag_eu-fr_france.gif by Eva Renouf and Sandrine Lacombe, Paris FR (E.U.) - sandrine.lacombe@u-­

In the context of the internationalisation of job markets, and considering the need for Europe to be a worldwide center of excellence in science and technology, it is of great importance to train a future generation of young scientists, being trained the highest standards in science and applications; in soft skills that allow them to integrate and adapt to any sector of activity; part of the largest (means international and intersectoral) network related to their activity. These goals are achieved with the possibility to experience the knowledge and know-how of different communities and countries, and to have access to the highest standards quality. It is the objective of the Erasmus Mundus master course SERP Chem (Surface, Electro-, Radiation, Photo-, Chemistry) to train the “crème de la crème” future generation in of experts and facilities in the sectors of renewable energies, green chemistry and catalysis, nanomedicine and novel therapies, branches of employment that answer major societal needs. This outstanding training could be only proposed by the collaborative work of 4 universities, University of (...) 

Read / Download Sandrine Lacombe's Full Article (PDF / 100 Kb)
Mobility Utility, Problems, and Added Value in the Context of the SERP-CHEM ERASMUS MUNDUS Master Course


LIFE-RICICLOLIO: A Synergy between Public and Private for the Environment and for a Positive Image of Chemistry

flag_eu-it_italia.gif by Anna-Maria Cardinale, Genova IT (E.U.) -

During the last years, in our Department (DCCI in the following), we have been carrying out some projects to spread a positive image of chemistry, in a previous communication  (ECTN 2007 Annual Conference)  an overview of all these activities were done.  This project was created from the following starting point:  in Italy are produced about 280.000 tons of exhausted cooking oil each year (data from the Italian Ministry of Environment). Of this amount 120.000 tons coming from industrial catering are properly disposed, whereas the remaining 160.000 tons, from household usage, can be spilled into sewage system with damages to the treatment plants and to the environment. Why treat waste exhausted cooking oil as a simple waste matter, earmarking it as a refuse, if it could be a (...)

Read / Download Anna-Maria Cardinale's Full Article (PDF / 103 Kb)
LIFE-RICICLOLIO: A Synergy between Public and Private for the Environment and for a Positive Image of Chemistry


Chemistry Teaching in Europe: the “Chemistry is all around Network” Project

flag_eu-it_italia.gif by M.M. Carnasciali, L. Ricco, M. Alloisio, A. Cardinale, Genova IT (E.U.)

“Chemistry is All Around Network” is a three year project funded in the framework of the Lifelong Learning Programme – Comenius sub programme – Networks Action. It aims at enhancing the teaching and learning of chemistry, that is recognized as one of the most difficult subjects, as also evidenced by the results of the former project: “Chemistry Is All Around Us”. The identified background of the project idea relies on the evidence of common needs within the eleven countries involved and in Europe in general, related to the insufficient diffusion of scientific culture and awareness, that starting from the school level (primary and secondary education) affects the educational and training systems and therefore citizens in (...)

Read / Download M.M. Carnasciali's Full Article (PDF / 99 Kb)
Chemistry Teaching in Europe: the “Chemistry is all around Network” Project

Green Chemistry

flag_eu-fr_france.gif Pascal Mimero, CPE Lyon, France (EU) - Editorial Board Chair - Contact: 

This item initiated in our NewsLetter March edition, will be regularly fed by the team accepting to contribute to the Special Edition, scheduled early 2014 (most probably January) and dedicated to Green Chemistry Education. It will continue after January, at least until the 5th International Conference on Green Chemistry, to be held in Durban in August 2014, and organized by Liliana Mammino. The team is currently composed of 5 main Guest contributors (by alphabetical order):

  • Fabio Aricó, University Ca'Foscari of Venice, Italy
  • Kenneth Doxsee, University of Oregon, Eugene OR, USA
  • Liliana Mammino, University of Venda, South-Africa
  • Mary Kirchhoff, American Chemical Society, USA
  • Vânia Zuin, Universidade Federal de São Carlo, São Carlo SP, Brazil

In this October edition, Liliana Mammino and Mary Kirchhoff contributed with the 2 titles introduced below - great thanks to them.

Basic Chemistry Information as a Fundamental Key to Promote Sustainale Behaviour Patterns

flag_af-za_southafrica.gif proposed by Liliana Mammino, University of Venda, South Africa (AFR) - Contact:

The importance that every citizen behaves in an environmentally-friendly way has been recognised and stressed already for some decades. In a number of countries, growing awareness has fostered more responsible behaviours in various regards, although the extent may vary largely from one context to another. Examples are: the separation of domestic refuse into categories, to maximise recycling possibilities; the care not to disperse refuse (cans, plastic bags, etc.) into the environment; the attention to save energy and water; the choice to use a bicycle in place of a car when conditions make it comfortable or, at least, not uncomfortable; and a variety of other options.

These are options whose relevance can be perceived more easily on the basis of direct experience, and for which the negative impact resulting from not caring is more easily communicated through numbers and through visualization. For instance, the image of the islands of plastic bags in the oceans should be sufficient to convince any conscientious person to never leave plastic bags in the environment.

Read / Download Liliana Mammino's Full Article (PDF 1 Mb)
Basic Chemistry Information as a Fundamental Key to Promote Sustainable Behaviour Patterns


ACS Summer School on Green Chemistry and Sustainable Energy

flag_na-us_usa.gif proposed by Mary Kirchhoff, ACS (USA) - Contact:

The ACS Summer School on Green Chemistry and Sustainable Energy was held at the Colorado School of Mines in Golden, Colorado, July 22-29, 2013.  Participation in the Summer School is open to graduate students and postdoctoral scholars from the U.S., Canada, and Latin America.  Sixty graduate students and postdoctoral scholars, selected from 119 applicants, participated in the 2013 program. Students participated in a series of interactive lectures presented by experts on green chemistry and sustainable energy. Instructors at the 2013 Summer School included Tamer Andrea, Queen’s University; Eric Beckman, University of Pittsburgh; Joan Brennecke, University of Notre Dame; David Constable, ACS Green Chemistry Institute®; Ken Doxsee, University of Oregon; Nancy Jensen, American Chemical Society; Mary Kirchhoff, American Chemical Society; Corrie Kuniyoshi, American Chemical Society; Mark Nimlos, National Renewable Energy Laboratory; Alan Phillips, Arizona Chemical; Bryan Pivovar, National Renewable Energy Laboratory; Ryan Richards, Colorado School of Mines; and Kim Williams, Colorado School of Mines. Student groups engaged in a modified Life Cycle Assessment and assessed alternate routes to the same target molecule with respect to metrics such as bioaccumulation, ozone depletion potential, global warming potential, and persistence. Students gave oral presentations on the results of their exercise to the (...).

Read / Download Mary Kirchhoff's Full Article (PDF / 550 Kb)
ACS Summer School on Green Chemistry and Sustainable Energy

News from ...



Some Selected 1000 Papers from 15 Last Internationa Conferences

flag_af-ng_nigeria.gif by Jacinta Opara, NG - President, African Association for Teaching and Learning - Contact:

Dear  Colleague,

Am pleased to furnish you herewith the online publication of some selected 1000 papers emanating from our last 15 international conferences held across the globe in 2013. The online versions are just published one week the links below you can find them:

MJSS Journal

AJIS Journal

JESR Journal

Printed copies of the publications are available for sale at the cost of 40euro per copy(including postage).Authors are entitled to complimentary copies of the publication. We are grateful to all our cooperating partners, authors,reviewers, guest editors, the media and other agencies that ensured the success of our conferences and the publication of the journals. We cannot thank you enough for your continued understanding, support, goodwill and cooperation.

Best Regards,
Jacinta A. Opara,PhD
President, African Association for Teaching and Learning


iSER Conference 2014, Cappadocia TR, October 30 - November 2, 2014

flag_as-tr_turkey.gif by Fatih Tasar, Ankara TR - Contact:

iSER (International Society of Educational Research) is organizing the International Conference on Educational Research (iCER) in Cappadocia, Turkey between October 30 - November 2, 2014. 

Conference Theme: Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education  in the 21st Century: Emerging Paradigms, Pedagogies, and Technologies.

For more information please visit

M. Fatih TASAR, PhD
Professor, Gazi Universitesi
Editor-in-chief, EURASIA J. of Math., Sci. & Tech. Ed. 
President, iSER - International Society of Educational Research 
Member, ESERA Executive Board 
Associate Member, IUPAP ICPE 

Gazi Universitesi, Gazi Egitim Fakultesi, Ilkögretim Bölümü, 06500 Teknikokullar, Ankara, TURKEY



5th Eurovariety in Chemistry Education 2013. "Smarter Teaching - Better Learning"

flag_eu-ie_ireland.gif by Peter Childs, Limerick IE (E.U.) - Conference Organiser - Contact: 

The conference was a real success, and in agrement with the EuCheMS Division of Chemical Education and the Organizing Committee, we are pleased to open for free download, the book of abstracts of the conference. 

Read / Download the 5th Eurovariety 2013 Bookof of Abstracts (PDF / 2.7 Mb)
5th Eurovariety in Chemistry Education 2013. "Smarter Teaching - Better Learning"

European Employement Survey for Chemists and Chemical Engineers

flag_eu-de_germany.gif by Reiner Salzer, Dresden DE (E.U.) - Coordinator of the European Employment Survey for Chemists and Chemical Engineers

Which country pays its chemists and chemical engineers highest salaries? Where do I soonest find a new job? Which chemical sub-discipline offers most jobs? Reliable answers for these and other questions will be derived from the first European employment survey for chemists and chemical engineers, which is now open until November 30, 2013, on . Our society supports this initiative and invites you to participate in the survey. A click on the link above brings you to the questionnaire available in 24 European languages. Everyone can freely choose (...)

Thank you in advance for your participation. 

Read / Download the European Survey Call (PDF / 98 Kb)
European employment survey for chemists and chemical engineers


International Conference on Research in Didactics of the Sciences, DidSci2014

flag_eu-pl_poland.gif invitation by Małgorzata Nodzyńska, Krakow PL - Scientific Committee Chair -


Dear Colleagues,

On behalf of the Organizing Committee we would like to invite you for the participation in the 6th International Conference on Research in Didactics of the Sciences, DidSci2014 organized by the Group of Chemistry and Education of Chemistry, Faculty of Geography and Biology, Pedagogical University, Kraków, Poland. The conference will be held from June 25th to June 27th 2014 in Kraków, Poland.

The meeting is a continuation of a long-term cooperation among scientists and teachers from all over the world sharing a scientific interest in natural sciences education. We would like to offer various forms of presentation of your work: keynote speeches, announcements, workshops and posters. All abstracts will be presented in a book of abstracts, which will be distributed to all participants of the meeting. Moreover, there is a possibility to presents your work in reviewed monographs bears the ISBN number. Suggested topics of books are presented below:

  • ICT in education of natural sciences
  • History of: life sciences, education, development of individual concepts of natural sciences
  • Methods and techniques of motivating pupils and teaching the life sciences
  • Outdoor education of the natural sciences
  • The role and place of experiment in science education
  • The role of image and visualization in science education
  • Analysis of the curricula, textbooks, plans of study
  • New trends and thinking in science education

The conference language is English (preferred), Polish, Czech, Slovak and Russian. Detailed information on the conference, the accommodations, and related items of interest can be found on the conference web site. A major objective of the conference will be to develop a platform for mutual scientific contacts between researchers, teachers and students of natural sciences from European and other countries, and to foster future collaborations between scientists in these countries. It is also an excellent opportunity to exchange experiences obtained at every level of education - from primary school to higher education.

We look forward to seeing you in Krakow
Yours sincerely,
Doc. Małgorzata Nodzyńska 
Chairman of the Scientific Committee of DidSci 2014

If you have any questions please do not hesitate to contact us:

Sincerely Yours,
The Organizing Committee 

North America

Book Review:  A Tale of Seven Elements by Eric Scerri

flag_na-us_usa.gif by Eric Scerri, UCLA (USA) - Contact: 

Image description

At some point, many of us have gazed in idle wonder at a periodic table hanging on a classroom wall. Some elements are familiar, but many are mysterious, down to their abbreviations. What is Pm? What color is Hf? Is Fr dangerous? And what does this iconic chart mean, arranging the chemical elements into an arresting graphic design? 

In the 1860s, various investigators noticed that, when put in order by weight, elements fell into recurrent groups with similar properties, visualized in the famous table independently introduced in that decade by Dmitri Mendeleev and Julius Lothar Meyer. In 1913, the English physicist Henry Moseley showed that the number of charged units in the elements' nuclei (which increases by equal steps — 1, 2, 3 . . . ) is a better ordering principle than atomic weight (which doesn't). This reshuffling revealed seven gaps, corresponding to then-unknown elements. Filling them in over the following decades completed the table from hydrogen (element 1) to uranium (92), the last element then known to occur naturally. In "A Tale of Seven Elements," Eric Scerri, a chemist and philosopher of science at UCLA, tells the stories of how these elements — technetium, promethium, hafnium, rhenium, astatine, francium and protactinium — were discovered.

Read / Download Eric Scerri's Book Review (PDF / 95 Kb)
Book Review: A Tale of Seven Elements by Eric Scerri

Conferences' Agenda


flag_af-et_ethiopia.gif 1st ACRICE 2013 - Addis Ababa ET, Dec. 5-7, 2013
icon_redarrow.gif  Contact the organizer: Prof. Temechegn Engida 

flag_eu-de_germany.gif 22nd Symposium on Chemistry and Science Education - Bremen DE, June 19-21, 2014

flag_eu-pl_poland.gif 6th International
Conference on Research DidSci 2014 - Krakow PL, June 24-25, 2014
icon_redarrow.gif Contact:

flag_na-ca_canada.gif ICCE 2014 - Toronto ON CA, July 2014

flag_eu-fi_finland.gif ECRICE 2014 - Jyväskylä FI, July 6-10, 2014

flag_af-za_southafrica.gif ICGC 2014 - Durban ZA, August 17-21, 2014